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Over the past several decades, the oil and gas industry has adapted the technique of drilling horizontally through the reservoir in order to increase the surface area in contact with the reservoir as compared to drilling vertically through it.
An integral part of the drilling process, iron roughnecks connect and disconnect drill pipe. Whether pipe is being fed into the wellbore or it is being taken out, the iron roughneck uses a rotary table and torque wrench(es) to make up or break down pipe.
A drill bit is what actually cuts into the rock when drilling an oil or gas well. Located at the tip of the drillstring, the drill bit is a rotating apparatus that usually consists of two or three cones made up of the hardest of materials.
Enhancing safety on the rig, automated drillers cabins consolidate drilling controls, automated pipe handling controls, computer hardware and data processing systems into single temperature-controlled room on the rig.
Directional drilling has been an integral part of the oil and gas industry since the 1920s. While the technology has improved over the years, the concept of directional drilling remains the same: drilling wells at multiple angles, not just vertically.
News of the first FPSO and shuttle tanker in the GOM made waves through the industry when Petrobras disclosed its plans in 2007. Since 1920, the Merchant Marine Act has prohibited entry of foreign ships working between US ports.
Drilling for oil is an expensive gamble: With project costs
rising every year, an oil company can stand to lose an
incredible amount of money exploring or developing a
property that fails to yield hydrocarbons in commercial
Because the challenging, yet almost entirely untapped, deposits of heavy oil hold some of the largest reserves of hydrocarbons in the world. According to Bill Bush of the API, "Heavy oils, oil sands, and potentially shale, could contribute substantially to future U.S. and world oil supplies."
Because heavy oil is so viscous, conventional methods, such as vertical wells, pumps, and pressure maintenance, are inefficient at extracting the oil. So, new technologies are being used to recover heavy oil including: cold heavy oil production with sand (CHOPS), vapor extraction (VAPEX), and thermal in situ methods.
Heavy oils are found around the world, with an estimated 69 percent of the world's technically recoverable heavy oil and 82 percent of the technically recoverable natural bitumen located in the Western Hemisphere.
Thirty years ago communications between offshore facilities and onshore locations was limited to a two-way radio and daily reports. Back then, oilfield workers stationed offshore were virtually cut off from the rest of the world.
A massive transmission and distribution system, the natural gas pipeline network in the United States is comprised of more than 210 pipeline systems spanning 305,000 miles that can deliver to virtually anywhere in the Continental US.
Hydraulic fracturing, a reservoir stimulation process that involves pumping fluid into a well to break-up sand and rock formations, has become a vital method for maintaining and improving oil and gas well production.
A mooring system is made up of a mooring line, anchor and connectors, and is used for station keeping of a ship or floating platform in all water depths. A mooring line connects an anchor on the seafloor to a floating structure.
Conduits to transfer materials from the seafloor to production and drilling facilities atop the water's surface, as well as from the facility to the seafloor, subsea risers are a type of pipeline developed for this type of vertical transportation.
Used on offshore oil and gas fields, a subsea tree monitors and controls the production of a subsea well. Fixed to the wellhead of a completed well, subsea trees can also manage fluids or gas injected into the well.
Wild Well Control
Backed by a heritage of more than 40 years of well control experience, the Wild Well University Well Control Training Program delivers action-oriented curricula designed to challenge students in both individual and team performance scenarios.
With programs developed, peer reviewed, and taught by industry experts, NACE provides corrosion control training and certification to help students launch a career, broaden their expertise, and provide greater industry recognition and credibility.